Indian weddings are renowned for their grandeur and cultural significance. And one of the most captivating elements is the bridal jewellery. Adorned by the bride on her special day, these exquisite pieces enhance her beauty and hold deep cultural and emotional value. They come in a dazzling array of designs, reflecting the diversity and richness of the country’s heritage. In this article, explore the different types, each unique in its craftsmanship and symbolism.
Maang Tikka: The Maang Tikka is a quintessential piece worn on the forehead, adorning the parting of the hair. This elegant ornament can be minimalistic or elaborate, featuring dazzling gemstones or intricate designs. It symbolises the union of the bride with her groom and is believed to enhance the bride’s aura.
Nath (Nose Ring): The Nath is an alluring nose ring, often studded with diamonds, pearls, or colourful gemstones. It holds cultural significance and is considered a symbol of prosperity and good fortune. The design varies across regions, with the larger ‘Maharashtrian Nath’ being particularly popular in the western parts of India.
Haar (Necklace): The Haar is an opulent necklace, the centrepiece of the bridal ensemble. It is available in various styles, such as Kundan, Polki, or Jadau, all crafted with precision and adorned with precious stones. The design often complements the bride’s attire and enhances her grace and elegance.
Bangles and Chooda: Bangles hold immense cultural significance in Indian weddings. The bride adorns her wrists with a set of bangles, and in some regions, she also wears a special set of red and ivory bangles called Chooda. The Chooda is usually made of lac and signifies a newly married woman.
Bajuband (Armlet): The Bajuband is an intricately designed armlet worn on the upper arm. It adds a touch of regal splendour to her appearance and is often embellished with precious stones or traditional motifs.
Kamarband (Waistband): The Kamarband is a waistband that accentuates the bride’s waistline. It is typically adorned with gemstones and pearls and adds an element of grace and charm to the bridal attire.
Anklets (Payal): Anklets, known as Payal, grace her ankles with their melodious tinkling sound. They symbolise marital harmony and are available in various designs, from delicate chains to heavily adorned pieces.
Toe Rings (Bichiya): The Toe Rings, or Bichiya, are worn on the second toe of both feet. Apart from being a decorative element, these rings are believed to exert pressure on specific nerves, promoting health benefits.
Mangalsutra: The Mangalsutra is a sacred necklace that symbolises marital commitment. It consists of black and gold beads, with a pendant at its centre. The design of the pendant varies across different regions, but its significance remains the same – the bond of love and unity between husband and wife.
Kamar Patta (Waist Chain): The Kamar Patta is a stunning waist chain that adorns the bride’s waist and hip area. It adds a touch of sensuality and elegance to her look, enhancing the overall bridal appearance.
Indian bridal jewellery is a captivating embodiment of the country’s rich cultural heritage and traditional values. Each piece carries its symbolism, artistry, and history, making the wedding ensemble truly remarkable. From the majestic Haar to the delicate Nath and from the auspicious Mangalsutra to the melodious Payal, every piece of jewellery adds its magic to the bride’s beauty and charm. Indian weddings are a celebration of family, love and tradition, and the jewellery worn by the bride holds a cherished place in this joyous occasion, making her the radiant centre of attention on her special day.